Haiti – FLASH : 12% of the Haitian population on the verge of famine
According to the latest bulletin from the National Food Security Coordination (CNSA), the food security conditions of the most vulnerable Haitian households continue to deteriorate in accordance with forecasts.
For the projected period from March 2021 to June 2021, approximately 12% of the analyzed population (1,156,915 people) is classified in Phase 4 (Humanitarian emergency) of the IPC index the Integrated food security Phase Classification (IPC) which includes 5 levels, the last of which is Famine and the humanitarian crisis;
The populations most threatened by hunger are in the areas of Port-de-Paix (North-West), several areas of the South-East department and on the island of Gonâve.
In addition, 34% (3,198,820 people) are classified in Phase 3 of the IPC (Food Crisis), or a total of 46% of the Haitian population (4.4 million) who need urgent action.
The deterioration of the food situation is explained by the rise in food prices resulting from the devaluation of the Gourde against the US dollar, the poor performance of the winter harvest, the depletion of meager reserves due to the lean period. The Covid-19 epidemic and the deep political crisis in Haiti are other factors that complicate humanitarian aid.
“The food insecurity situation will not improve substantially in the coming months,” warns CNSA in its report explaining that forecasts of an active hurricane season could have a negative impact on crop yields.
The CNSA points out that government measures to regulate the Gourde exchange rate seem to have negative effects on the level of food consumption of households directly dependent on transfers. The decrease in purchasing power of the latter, induced by the obligation to receive transfers in national currency and at a rate lower than the real market rate, explains the low level of their food consumption. To get around these measures, many households near the border will receive their transfer to the Dominican Republic.
Learn more about the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) :
Phase 1 :
Usually adequate and stable food access with moderate to low risk of sliding into Phase 3, 4, or 5.
Phase 2 : Moderately / Borderline Food Insecure
Borderline adequate food access with recurrent high risk (due to probable hazard events and high vulnerability) of sliding into Phase 3, 4, or 5.
Phase 3 : Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis
Highly stressed and critical lack of food access with high and above usual malnutrition and accelerated depletion of livelihood assets that, if continued, will slide the population into Phase 4 or 5 and / or likely result in chronic poverty.
Phase 4 : Humanitarian Emergency
Severe lack of food access with excess mortality, very high and increasing malnutrition, and irreversible livelihood asset stripping.
Phase 5 : Famine / Humanitarian Catastrophe
Extreme social upheaval with complete lack of food access and / or other basic needs where mass starvation, death, and displacement are evident.
HL/ S/ HaitiLibre